Monday, January 27, 2020

National Effluent Limitation Regulations At Nigerian Breweries Environmental Sciences Essay

National Effluent Limitation Regulations At Nigerian Breweries Environmental Sciences Essay Nigeria, a country with thirty six states situated in the western part of Africa, rich in mineral and natural resources, having a size of three hundred and fifty six thousand, six hundred and sixty nine square miles of land area, with ecological zones ranging from the dry savannas in the north, to the water abundant Niger Delta (about nine hundred and twenty three thousand, seven hundred and seventy three square kilometres) She is more than half the United States of American state of California, Nigeria has placed her name on the globe for recognition in exportation of petroleum oil, groundnut, palm oil and cocoa. Gaining her independence in 1960, she has been ruled and governed under the military and civilian era, with the later still in rule, also known as the era of democracy. Nigeria, like many other former British colonies operates a common law. The main sources of law in Nigeria are customary law (which was the legal system operating in Nigeria prior to the advent of the Briti sh colonial rule), the Nigerian legislation, and common law. The composition and nature of our environment has greatly been altered by activities such as industrialization, transportation, construction and other activities. Nigeria is a developing country and so, has industries situated in urban and rural areas, most of these industries are manufacturing and producing industries, and as such, tend to give off waste products which acts as pollutants to the immediate and surrounding environment. This essay covers air pollution control laws in Nigeria caused by brewing activities. BREWING ACTIVITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Brewing is a complex process with several stages, that tend to produce pollutants in form of fumes and effluent that causes environmental air pollution. The raw material collection process, produces dust which when inhaled makes the victim to sneeze and cough, for this reason, handlers are given protective gears to cover their nose, failing to realise that this dust particles still float in the air and pollutes the environment. The steam produced when the milled grains are boiling (wort production), and the addition of yeast to the cooled wort for fermenting the wort into beer, (the aeration process), the bottling and packaging which deals with water that is in turn converted to waste water that gives a stench before treated. Waste water from the industry (effluent), which is later on recycled and used to wash equipments in the factory, gives out a stench that offends neighbouring surrounding. In the effluent tanks, the odour produced poses as a nuisance to the surrounding environmen t in the form of air pollution. The law relating to air pollution in Nigeria is contained in numerous instruments as obtained in The National Environmental Standards and Regulation Enforcement Agency (NESREA) Act 2007, an Agency of the Ministry of Environment Housing and Urban Development is charged with the responsibility of enforcing environmental Laws, regulations and  standard in deterring people, industries and organization from polluting and degrading the environment. According to the Environmental Law Research Institute 2007, (ELRI) for Nigeria, the synopsis of laws and regulations aims at inducing responsible attitudes and behaviours towards the environment are embedded in NESREA Act 2007 which replaced the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Act, notes in Section 7, that it provides authority to ensure compliance with environmental laws, local and international, on environmental sanitation and pollution prevention and control through monitory and regulatory measures. According to the regulations under NESREA on National Effluent Limitation Regulations, Section 1 (1) requires industry facilities to have anti-pollution equipment for the treatment of effluent, but because policies are not given out to the general public, perhaps due to companys work ethics or policy, one can not say if the treatment of effluent is properly met in the brewing industry, however, because of the air pollution caused by this activity, it is recommended that Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) comes into act to check if the industry has exceeded its limit in polluting the environment as stated in The National Environment Protection (Pollution Abatement in Industries and Facilities producing Waste) Regulations (1991), Section 1 Prohibits the release of hazardous substances into the air, land or water of Nigeria beyond approved limits set by the Agency. Also, the need for the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) to measure the level of impact and damage done to the environment is not applied, it is for this reason that both small and big industries still generate a lot of pollution to the environment. The E.I.A Act, as it is informally called, deals with the considerations of environmental impact in respect of public and private projects. Sections relevant to environmental emergency prevention under the EIA include:- Section 2 (1) requires an assessment of public or private projects likely to have a significant (negative) impact on the environment. However, this is not the case when compared with the activities of brewing, as it gives a negative impact on the immediate environment. Mwalimu in his text states The common law supplements statutory control and regulation of air pollution in Nigeria for example concerning tortuous liability under torts of nuisance and negligence. This means that the law is there to control and regulate air pollution. A tort is an injury incurred by one or more individuals, and it may involve mere inattention by the air polluter who allowed the injury to occur. The different stages are powered with generators which emit fumes into the air, the stages involved also releases fumes into the air, effluent water which is before treated acts as another means of air pollution. The fumes produced from the industry, derived as a result of the production from brewing, running of diesel operated generators (commonly known as diesel fumes) are a mixture of gases, vapours, liquid aerosols and substances made up of particles. They contain the products of combustion including: carbon (soot); nitrogen; water; carbon monoxide; aldehydes; nitrogen dioxide; sulphur dioxide; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This gases acts as pollutants and are suspended in the atmosphere where they cause greenhouse effect and lead to global warming. Most of these gases damage vegetation, respiratory system, product of complete combustion of organic compounds; implicated in global climate change. In other words they damage and pollute the environment; it is safe to say that brewing activities contributes to one of the major sources of pollution. Environment is a very broad concept and involves everything that affects an organism during its lifetime. According to Srinivasan our environment comprises atmosphere, water, earth, and space. In his book, Chauhan defined environment in different ways; 1. It is in totality of all social, biological and physical or chemical individually as well as collectively that compose the nature and man-made surroundings. It refers to the sum total of conditions which surrounds man at a given point in space and time. It is the representative of physical components of the earth where in man is the important factor influencing his environment It would appear that what the author means by environment is the totality of the surrounding body (air, land and water) that can be seen and felt by living organism. Pollution is when different activities done by man makes the environment (air, land and water) dirty, Saunders in his text defines Pollution as The introduction by man of waste matter or surplus energy into the environment which directly or indirectly causes damage to man and his environment other than himself, his household, those in his employment or those with whom his has a direct trading relationship. This means that for every action man has taken has caused pollution directly or indirectly. Olanrewaju and Chukwukere defined air pollution as the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, biological materials that may cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms or cause damage to the natural environment or built environment, into the atmosphere and further classified sources of air pollution into anthropogenic sources and natural sources. Tiwary and Colls stated in their book that air pollution has been with us since the first fire was lit, although different aspects have been important at different times. While many would consider air pollution an issue that the modern world has resolved to a greater extent, it still appears to have a considerable influence on the global environment. It would appear that the authors mean to say that air pollution, has been in existence from the beginning of time where fire was discovered and possibly before then. Vallero in his text defined air pollution in page three of his book as Air Pollution is the presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. Hill in his text said Pollution occurs because no process is one hundred percent efficient the author means that pollution is inevitable but can be managed. As stated above, there is no process or activity done by any living organism that does not result in one form of pollution or the other. A good example of air pollution includes failure to inspect the operation and maintenance of electrostatic precipitators or failure to design and size an adequate abatement technology. Effect of Air Pollution on Health of Humans Olarenwaju and Chukwukere, the effect of air pollution and disturbance of natural air causes different health problems such as difficulty in breathing, wheezing, coughing, aggravation of existing respiratory and cardiac conditions, pulmonary exacerbations, vascular dysfunction, increased thrombus formation, brain damage, cancer, and increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. For this reason, legislations and regulations have been made for producing industries to abide in, and breach in this has its consequences. This legislation in relation to environmental law constitutes interlocking body of treaties, conventions, statutes, regulations, and common law that, very broadly, operate to regulate the interaction of humanity and the rest of the biophysical or natural environment, toward the purpose of reducing the impacts of human. The polluter can be held responsible for the damage to human health. These laws and regulations are in the constitution but are not enforced in the country, because pollution is still on the increase in this developing country. The use of generators to power the factory, or a house or machineries has led to not only air pollution but also noise pollution. According to Abdulkareem in his case study on Urban air pollution by computer simulator, Urban Air pollution due to activities of process industries is one of the main problems faced by the industrial area of the world. This means that, as long as there is an industrial process going on, air pollution would still be present. The action carried out by the brewery industry does not promote clean air, and therefore pollutes the air and this causes discomfort for the inhabitants of the surrounding environment, and the regulatory bodies are not efficient in carrying out their duties, unlike the United Kingdom, where Legislations are constantly reviewed and put into place to fish out industries and companies that are exceeding the pollution limit, environmental permits are in place, pollution prevention and control permits are also in place to check for stake holders that breach laws and to check for hw air pollution is regulated. As earlier said, there is no process that does not pollute the environment. The Pollution Prevention and Control permits (PPC) of the United Kingdom states that If a business operates in Northern Ireland or Scotland, the business would require a PPC permit from an environmental regulator before such business would be allowed to operate. The NEW Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) HYPERLINK http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2172/contents/madeRegulations 2010 SI 675 pHYPERLINK http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2172/contents/maderovides a consolidated system for environmental permits and exemptions for industrial activities, mobile plant, waste operations, mining waste operations, water discharge activities, groundwater activities and radioactive substances activities. It also sets out the powers, functions and duties of the regulators.HYPERLINK http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2172/contents/made Unlike the United Kingdom where the public has the right to know the legislation for air pollution control, the public is unaware of this legislation in Nigeria. Very little is put in place for the public, there is no clean air act, which gives powers to local councils to control domestic and industrial smoke to improve local air quality and meet EU air quality standards for sulphur dioxide and particulates. The English air legislation controls emissions of gases, dark smoke and other airborne pollutants that harm the quality of the atmosphere. It includes environmental permitting and authorising regimes and, via the climate change framework, establishes financial incentives to switch to less-polluting ways of working. NEW Aerosol Dispensers Regulations 2009 SI 2824 aims to protect public health by prohibiting the supply or possession of aerosols not marked as conforming to safety standards. RECOMMENDATION: This regulation has been in place to meet up to the cleanliness of the environment, but because of the corruption of the land, such laws are not enforced and therefore, it is ignored. The industries still run and release aerosols and fumes into the atmosphere, damaging the immediate environment.

Sunday, January 19, 2020

Children’s day Speech Essay

Respected Headmaster, teachers and my dear friends, Today we have assembled here to celebrate the Birth Anniversary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru as Children’s day. He was fondly called as Chacha Nehru by all children in a loving manner. He loved children very much so he decided to celebrate his birth day as children’s day. Nehru was born on 14th November, 1889 in Allahabad. His father was Motilal Nehru and Mother was Swaroop Rani. Since from his childhood, he was very intelligent boy in all aspects. After completion of his schooling in Allahabad, he went to England for his higher studies . On completion of his studies, he returned to India in 1912 as a lawyer in profession. In India there were many movements started by different freedom fighters of India against the British people. So, Nehru also joined the Indian National Congress in 1920. It was the period of Mahatma Gandhi who leaded the whole freedom struggle. Nehru also got very much attached with the policies of Mahatma Gandhi that is ‘Peace & Non-violence’. see more:welcome speech in school function He actively took part in all freedom movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. This made a great change in the freedom struggle. Slowly and slowly people started joining the struggle finally it is possible to consolidate a huge mob in the movement like Non-cooperation movement, Dandi March, Quite India Movement and many more. He went to jail for many times but that didn’t stop him from fighting for the country . Finally India got its freedom on 15th August, 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first prime Minister of India in 1951. He was honoured by the country with Bharat Ratna in 1955. So, on the behalf of the entire school I am wishing you all a very happy childrens day. Jai Hind! 3.How to attract audience with our speech on Children’s day Esteemed Directors, Respected principle, Dear colleagues and My dear Students, I am very much delighted to associate myself with all of you on the occasion of Children’s day today. I express my best compliments to you all from the core of my heart. Children’s day has its own significance . Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November . He loved children very much. Children endearingly call him ‘Chacha Nehru’. So we are celebrating Children’s day to commemorate his birth aniversary.According to Nehru , â€Å"The students of today are the citizens of tomorrow†. No doubt, you are best students today. You will occupy important position in future career. All of you should be inspired by our beloved former Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru . Some of you will become doctors , engineers , lawyers , I.A.S Officers ,teachers , lecturers ,leaders etc. You are the strength of our counrty. You are the nation builders. If the younger generation is brought up in a good environment, our country can prosper in the years to come. There is a proverb in English . Strike while iron is hot. It means we have to do certain things in right time. It is easy for us to mend the minds of the children. Thus we can shape their future beautifully and wonderfully. It is the duty of the children to love their parents and respect the teachers and elders. Without this quality , you cannot achive anything great. If achived it is useless. Dear students, Be sincere, Be Honest, Be Frank, Be Devoted, Be Dedicated, Be Determined and Be Disciplined. These words may be easy to utter but diffucult to fallow. You are the little masters today. Tomoro you will be the masters of your minds.It’s time to leave of you wishing you a bright career. Thankyou. Speech Good (Morning / Afternoon / Evening) every one . hearty welcome to my friends, respected teachers, honorable chief guests and media. on behalf of , on this auspicious occasion. I am here to deliver speech regarding the Children’s Day . Very Firstly let me wish you all a joyful Children’s day. All though it is officially declared to celebrate on 20th November in regard to The UN General Assembly as it accepted the Declaration of Children’s Rights in the year 1959.yet In India Children’s day is celebrated every year on the account of Jawaharlal Nehru’s birth day eve as on 14th November. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru birthday has been chosen for the celebration of children. The ultimate reason behind this celebration is his UN fainted love and ardor towards children. Jawaharlal Nehru had worked passionately and perspicaciously for the betterment of children as well as youngsters right after the independence on august 15,1947. He was very much enthusia stic and whole hearted about welfare, valuable education and overall improvement of children in the country. He was greatly warmhearted about children and therefore & indeed became well-liked as â€Å"Chacha Nehru† for his little buddies. Chacha in the sense UNCLE and finally after his death in 1963, his birthday has been celebrated as children’s Day in India. Its simply not the day which one can assemble, lecture, eat and disband but one should keep in mind that a leader who determined the rosy way which ultimately laid the foundation to renovate a promising nation into a supreme body. The well known fact that all the time reminds me is that, Childhood is the best phase of one’s life which is in fact very free of personal responsibilities and financial burdens too. Intentions are very much clear and mind -body; heart –soul works genially. The impurity of mind makes the children different from others. On the Children’s Day a grand accolade is paid to all children. If truth to be told, Children are always liked and loved by each and every one. They straight away prevail our hearts with their adorable eyes and guiltless smirks. Often strikes that, it is the way the creator (GOD) wanted to see all of us. The back ground part is over now coming to the fun making arena. Children are very much enthusiastic to participate in games, activities and all. To their chance the children’s day clears the barriers and allows them to live how and what they actually want to. As to their wants the institution organizes many exuberant activities to let them show case their talent which cannot be displayed in the normal  course of academics. Various competitions such as essay writing, elocution, painting, modern dress, singing and cultural programs have been conducting by our institution to keep the momentum and encourage children beyond academics’. I hope and wish, all of you will definitely reach your dream destination in life and make your parents and teachers feel proud of your success by the way moving the nation forward with wonderful innovative thoughts striving for the up lift standards of the society. With this I would like to conclude and further proceedings will be taken up by the president of the function.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

IKEA’s Global Sourcing Challenge Essay

1. Marianna Barner should decline the invitation for IKEA to have a representative appear on the upcoming forecast of the German video program. The producers of the documentary invited them to take part in a live discussion during the airing, and while this offer does sound beneficial for IKEA to educate the public and the producers of the current efforts taken to fight child labor, it would not be in their best interest. This is attributed to the fact that the producers refuse to let IKEA preview the video beforehand and that they are aware that the producers â€Å"planned to take a confrontational and aggressive approach† directly aimed at them. As a result, there is a very high possibility that the representative would then be blindsided with questions and then IKEA’s message of their efforts would not be portrayed accurately. Instead, IKEA should respond to the allegations by releasing their own statement allowing them to explain their efforts once they have had the opportunity to review all evidence and verify the credibility. 2. In regards to the supply contract that IKEA has with Rangan Exports, it would be best if Barner terminates the contract, should sufficient evidence prove that they do indeed use child labor. They stress the importance of taking responsibility for their suppliers, and in the IWAY (IKEA Code of Conduct), it clearly states that they do not accept Child Labourm, otherwise their contract will be terminated. The well-regarded company (Rangan) had signed an addendum that explicitly forbids the use of child labor, so it is important that IKEA upholds their standards and codes in order to maintain a fair position with their other suppliers. It would also be wise for her to then issue a statement or press release about the severed ties with the company, stating the reasons for the decision and maintaining integrity by upholding their own policies regarding child labor, so that the public and other suppliers see that they won’t tolerate unethical behavior or violations to their contra ct. 3. It is suggested that IKEA stays in India and continue operations. The long-term strategy that Barner should take regarding continued operations includes maintaining their code of conduct to uphold their image of being responsible for their suppliers and the environment, while also contributing to an improved quality of life for those in India.

Friday, January 3, 2020

How Personality Is Influenced By Genes Or Heredity

Personality is a complex subject that involves different traits, which makes every individual unique (Ziegler, 2014, para. 2). Some researchers believe that personality is influenced by genes or heredity by 50%, others believe that its shaped by a combination of nature vs. nurture, and others believe that its innate or social (Ziegler, 2014). In 1923 Carl Jung recognized that people do not act randomly, rather they have different preferences (Ziegler, 2014, para. 17). Katherine Briggs and her daughter Isabel Myers were influenced by Carl Jung’s idea of preferences, and created a way to measure psychosocial differences, through Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) (Ziegler, 2014, para. 17-18). Initially I was curious to find out how I would be categorized by taking Jung’s Personality test, via Emotional Intelligence testing and type. According to Jung’s personality test, I am a â€Å"Harmony-seeking idealist† and am introverted,  ½ sensitive, and  ½ intui tive, more on the feeling side, and closer to judging (Emotional Intelligence testing type, 2015). The results from the MBTI, varied slightly as I obtained the following 4 letters: E (extrovert), N (Intuitive), F (Feelings), and J (Judging). Both tests gave me almost the same results with the exception of scoring as an introvert on Carl Jung’s personality test and extrovert in MBTI. I personally feel that depending on the situation, I choose to be an extrovert whenever I need to advocate for my family or its work related.Show MoreRelatedTwins and Genetics Essay examples1315 Words   |  6 Pagesrelative effects of heredity and environment on behavior and ability (Plomin, 1997). Two of the primary methods used by behavioral geneticists are the twin study method, first used by Galton (1975) in his studies of heredity, and the adoption method. In the twin study method, researchers studies identical twins (monozygotic twins) and fraternal twins (dizygotic twins) to determine how much they resemble each other on a variety of characteristics. Identical twins have exactly the same genes because a singleRead MoreNeurons And Its Effects On The Nervous System Essay932 Words   |  4 Pages Many of our personality traits are developed by the interactions that we have had with others during our informative years. Our behavior is a reflection of our own personality and there is considerable evidence to show that personality can be inherited. Genetics are particular molecular structures of genes, as it is explained through science the effect that these genes have on our behavior and our body’s actions throughout our lives. Both the Endocrine System and Heredity have a large influenceRead MoreHow The Cell Affects The Brain Of The Nervous System1193 Words   |  5 Pages2. 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WhyRead MoreThe Evolutionary Factors That Have Shaped The Genetics That We Inherit From Our Parents1049 Words   |  5 PagesTherefore human development is determined by heredity. NURTURE This has to deal with our environment; it refers to all the environmental factors that have influenced us since we began to grow. Nurture affects the way our human potential is actualized. Empiricists believe that is the environment which shapes and influences human behaviour. Over the years there has been a controversy among psychologist on which one of the two contribute more to behaviour genes or environment. Some researchers emphasizedRead MoreNature or Nurture: What Determines Our Behavior? Essay506 Words   |  3 PagesThroughout history, our society’s socialization, or lifelong social experiences, has been debated upon quite vigorously. It is quite evident that we all obtain certain characteristics and abilities through heredity factors, but many still argue that this is not the only explanation for how our lives are determined. The argument of nature versus nurture is still being discussed by many, although both have been seen to have an impact on our life experiences. The role of nature, by name, basicallyRead MoreInfluence of Nature Versus Nurture on Child Development1202 Words   |  5 Pagesproposed by psychologist are used to explain the process of child development. Berndt (1992) explained nature as the impact of the genetic inheritance or heredity of a person during development. Based on Kail’s (2010, p. 135) study, â€Å"research reveals consistent genetic influence in many psychological areas, including personality, mental ability, psychological disorders, and attitude and interests†, in which these characteristics are dispersed by having most individuals near the middle and

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Aspects of Racism Essay - 2363 Words

Today we live in a multicultural society, which means a nation is made out of several ethnic groups, with different cultures. But why was there xenophobia and racial hatred between peoples and why does it still exist? What really is foreign, and what effect does it have on young people and young adults. And the most important question is: What is racism? I will in the course of my essay examine these issues. Firstly, I would like to define the term racism generally and talk about its characteristics: Racism is an ideology that uses real or fictitious differences between two ethnic groups for the benefit of the Prosecutor and for the detriment of the victims. Racism wants the victims to ascribe to all kinds of bad properties, to prove†¦show more content†¦Racism in history, the crime in the black population: Since the beginning of modern times, with the discovery of America, the great European colonies were formed. Particularly in Africa was a lot of land in possession. The mother country always made profit from the colony. It took her valuable raw materials to trade with other countries. In addition the dealing with human beings was booming at this time, predominantly black people were sold as slaves. They called the trade between Europe, Africa and America triangular trade. In the 19th Century, the mother countries themselves had a high demand for raw materials, which they got from the colonies. The coloured native population had to work as slaves on plantations and mines for the Whites. The question now is what the discrimination and degradation of these people warrants since the beginning of imperialism. The racists made the legitimacy of this injustice their target. The term race was first used at the end of the 17th century. At that time, it was only to distinguish the people, but included no hierarchy. Only in the 18th Century, the different races, according to skin colour of black, red, yellow and white, were assigned to special characteristics. The coloured people were classified as a primitive culture, whose intellectual capacity in comparison to the whites was inferior. There were several theories to explain this fact. The anthropological theory was based on physical differences between blackShow MoreRelatedBlack And White Racism : Racism1189 Words   |  5 PagesWhite Racism Introduction For a long time, racism has occurred as a controversial and hotly debated topic in the American society. Racism has infiltrated the way individuals behave, think, and act in different capacities. It is a grievous insult in referring somebody to as a ‘racist’. Black Americans have accused whites, the nation’s ethnic majority for racism, whereas whites have also accused blacks of racism. 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Yet with this logic, it seems as though the disparities continue to grow, the voices of the oppressed minorities in the United states gets hushed by their oppressors, and manyRead MoreThe Readings White Privilege : Unpacking The Invisible Knapsack, By Peggy Mcintosh, White Women, Race Matters1425 Words   |  6 Pagesare many aspects of whiteness; in this essay, I will argue that the two most important features are the absence of knowledge of the issue on the part of white people and stereotype consequences. A key point in racism is whiteness, and without understanding what whiteness means there can be no ending it. Once whites understand the problem of whiteness, they must accept the responsibility of creating it, and therefore finding a so lution. Stereotypes are a second way to reinforce racism, with acknowledgingRead MoreAfrican Americans : A Racially Equal Society1613 Words   |  7 PagesSystemtic and Institutional Racism Margo Newkirk ENG 122: English Composition II Andrea Collins August 29, 2016 A racially equal society is one whereby individuals are not likely or more likely to receive certain benefits given that they belong to a particular racial group. This would be an ideal society given that the current American society is characterized by institutional and systemic racism. Institutional racism can be defined as institutional practices and other aspects of government such asRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The Slave Cry By Richard Lagravenese Essay1596 Words   |  7 Pages Hannah Miller 08/07/16 Connections 3.7 The concept of how racism is portrayed through literature is one I have chosen to study in class this year. I chose to examine racism and how they overcome it by asking myself the following questions; What connections can I make between the racism in this text and in my other texts? and Which characters and/or events in this text show the theme of racism?. I decided to use the following texts because I believe they all have a significantRead MoreRacism in Pocahontas1552 Words   |  7 PagesRacism in Pocahontas The film Pocahontas, produced by Walt Disney films, portrays the tension between the Powhatan tribe and English settlers during the establishment of Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World. In examining this film using the article Ten Quick Ways to Analyze Childrens Books for Racism and Sexism, it quickly becomes apparent that although there are forms of racism as described in the article (what will be referred to as ‘traditional media racism)Read MoreAnalysis Of The Article School s Discipline For Girls Essay1541 Words   |  7 PagesSocietal Racism in the United States In her article, â€Å"School’s Discipline for Girls Differs by Race and Hue (2014),† Tanzina Vega emphasises and addresses the issue of societal racism by sharing with the reader the personal experiences of young African American girls within the school disciplinary system in the United States. Through examining these girls experiences, it becomes apparent that societal racism, or racism that is overwhelmingly and systemically prevalent and entrenched in all aspects ofRead MoreStructural Or Institutional Racism Is Formed By The Social, Economic, Political Or Educational Forces Essay1063 Words   |  5 Pages â€Æ' Structural or institutional racism is formed by the social, economic, political or educational forces that foster discriminatory outcomes or give preference to members of one group over the other deriving its genesis from the concept of race. The biological fact for the race has been invalidated by biologists, but the social aspect of it is formed by the community. The physical traits still possess the meanings of social race identity. It is these social race identities that deliberate placement

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Human Sexuality God Created Woman for Man Essay - 2430 Words

Abstract In the beginning God created Adam and then Eve from Adam’s rib. According to God’s word and plan women were created for men. In Genesis 2:20-22 it states but for Adam no suitable helper was found. 21 So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the mans ribs and closed up the place with flesh. 22 Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man. Marriage is designed to be sacred between men and women. Relationships were supposedly designed for men and women. Relationships that are between men and women are heterosexual relationships. In cases of a male or female being interested in the same sex this is called†¦show more content†¦Parents instill values and principles in children as they are growing up but sexual orientation is not a choice a parent can make for their children. Thesis In research those who wish to have a relationship with the opposite sex feel this is what is normal. According to the bible God did create woman for man. Some research also shows some feel they were born to be with the same sex. Although some feel they were born to be in heterosexual relationships, homosexual relationships, or bisexual relationships, they would all consider their relationships as normal. All of these types of relationships are a part of human sexuality and satisfying what the body feels comes natural. Human Sexuality Sexual expression is to measure sexual expression, three components were examined: sexual thoughts, wanted sexual behaviors, and occurrence of sexual behaviors (Ridley, Ogolsky, Payne, Totenhagen, Cate, 2008). According to Ridley et al. (2008) sexual expression often occurs in the context of close relationships. An understanding of sexuality is facilitated by the illusion of relationship dynamics; this includes the daily feelings one could have toward one’s partner. There could be negative and positive feelings of sexual expression. In close relationships, partners relate sexually with a range of intense emotions. One day individuals see sexual involvement; the next day thoughts and behavior are absent. The negative feelings that come along withShow MoreRelatedWhy Do We Fall in Love?1359 Words   |  6 Pagesattraction between the sexes? Sexuality is a subject about which no one is neutral. Everyone has a sexual nature, everyone has a need for sexuality, every one has a sexual personality that has been formed by home, schooling, the trial and error of life experience, and whatever they pick up along the way from the subtle and notosoosubtle influences of the society in which they live. In seeking to make sense of our sexuality we must look to its origins. Where does our sexuality come from? In this articleRead MoreContemporary Perspectives On Human Sexuality Essay1334 Words   |  6 PagesThere are various perspective on human sexuality. As seen throughout time, human sexuality has taken several routes and has brought about a different perspective and beliefs on human sexuality. This difference is associated with the consequences man received during the Fall. The definition of authentic sexuality is viewed in several ways through a spectrum that includes theological perspective and contemporary society’s perspective. These perspective have affected one’s current perspective and beliefsRead MoreContemporary Perspectives On Human Sexuality Essay1338 Words   |  6 PagesThere are various perspectives on human sexuality. As seen throughout time, human sexuality has taken several routes and has brought about different perspectives and beliefs about huma n sexuality. This difference is associated with the consequences man received during the Fall. The definition of authentic sexuality is viewed in several ways through a spectrum that includes theological perspective and contemporary society’s perspective. These perspectives have affected one’s current perspective andRead MoreThe Between Women And Women1535 Words   |  7 Pagestoward the side of equality. In Genesis, woman and man have an egalitarian relationship since, God was not inferior when He was referred to as a helper, sexuality was not defined until woman was created, and man never received dominance over woman. In the beginning of Genesis, women were not directly introduced. Instead, God said, â€Å"†¦I will make him a helper as his partner,† (Genesis 2:18; NRSV) this ‘helper’ was obviously woman. Many people believe that since woman was a ‘helper’ that automatically meansRead MorePrejudice Against Women By Nancy Tuana And Young, White, And Miserable By Wini Breines1000 Words   |  4 Pagesbodies and sexuality provide a basis for discrimination and men s control over women, and by examining The Less Noble Sex by Nancy Tuana and Young, White, and Miserable by Wini Breines, a conclusion about prejudice against women is attained. The perpetuity of prejudice against women, that continues today, encounters origins in several creation myths. In a Greek creation myth, woman was created by Zeus as a punishment for the misdeeds committed by Prometheus and the rest of mankind. Zeus created womanRead MoreBiblical View On Homosexuality And Religion1271 Words   |  6 PagesBiblical view on Homosexuality In the bible God divinely established the institution of marriage, and this is seen in the garden of Eden during creation. Marriage was a special gift to man from a loving God before the fall that led to evil and pervasion entering the spiritual world of man. Marriage was designed by our creator to give satisfaction to a person’s deepest longings for intimacy, love, appreciation and care. The views of marriage between Christians and Jews are fundamentally differentRead MoreHildegard s Gender Is Of Course Not An Accident991 Words   |  4 Pagesrepresentations and essence of Eve, Mary, and Mother church. In our current struggles of spirituality and gender, Hildegard can be a guide. Her visionary forms fade into one another, but within all of them and behind them all, shines neither women nor man, but the living light. By using Hildegard of Bingen as a central figure in 12th century religious practice, we can then use Chritianity as an example to compare and contrast womenâ €™s experiences in religious practice in the 12th century and the 21stRead MoreThe Debate Of Marriage And Pure Relationships1116 Words   |  5 Pagesaffected the concept of sexuality. Genesis 2:18 states, â€Å"it is not good that man should be alone: I will make him a helper comparable to him.† This verse tends to be used in every marriage-based debate, to the point that it becomes very clichà ©, however, if one were to study it its truth would be evident. Kay Daigle, Founder of Beyond Ordinary Woman Ministries wrote in an excerpt called God’s Design for Sexual Intimacy, â€Å"Marriage is God’s design and institution.† God created it for relationship, closeRead MoreThe Theory And The Animal Liberationist One Of The Great Part Of It By Linda Hogan1712 Words   |  7 Pagestheir conceptual frameworks. Linda Hogan claims that in recent times, the term myth has come to signify falsehood, but when we examine myths, we find that they are a high form of truth. They are the deepest, innermost cultural stories of our human journeys toward spiritual and psychological growth. (qtd. in Dreese 1999: 9) Myths are, first and foremost, stories, and knowledge of these stories, through which our early ancestors speak their wisdom to us, shapes how later generations would feelRead MoreJewish Sexual Ethic Views976 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"A human being is essentially a sexual being†(Novak, 271). As David Novak above states, all humans are born with a natural inclination to fulfill his or her sexual right. Each person has needs that they yearn to have someone satisfy for them. The issue that isn’t so clear is how people satisfy these burning urges within them. We have discussed in class the many viewpoints that authors have presented us, some more liberal, others conservative, and some in between. In this paper, I will present David

Monday, December 9, 2019

Minimalism free essay sample

James Meyers Minimalism takes the reader throughout the genesis of the avant- garde style that emerged in the 1960s that exhibits single or repeated geometric forms with emphasis on sculpture. Then on to its high period in the mid 1960s where the movement gained clarification about its tenets. Then the book culminates with the analysis of minimalism during its canonization period in the late 1960s where this American form acquired an international profile. Lastly the book looks at Minimalism towards the close of the twentieth century into the twenty-first century here artist made expansions and revisions to prior works. Art critics that witnessed the inception of the new works saw need for a new vocabulary to apply critique to Minimalism. This early period in the movement gave rise to a growing critical art debate scene that resulted from the development of the commercial art magazine and an expanding art market . We will write a custom essay sample on Minimalism or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Donald Judd was more prominently known for his writing in the early 1960s than being an artist himself. His clarity and consistency won him acclaim as a critic and he became an important player in Minimalism . The publication of Judds 1966 essay Specific Objects marked the polarization of Minimalisms preference for painting to the three dimensional object . Some of the hallmarks of Minimal art are pieces that exhibit straight clean lines, industrially produced components, whose subject matter alludes to nothing beyond its appearance. Throughout this paper this I will examine if three-dimensional Minimalist pieces gained more prominence over their painting counterparts like Meyer suggested. Frank Stellas 1959 Black Paintings stand at the inception of Minimalism. This mural scale paint on canvas piece turned away from he conventions of the previous generations in regards to brushwork. However this piece did retain some conventions of abstract expressionism with its subject matter . Robert Rauschenberg s 1951-68 White Painting are a series of monochromes that follow suit with the Minimalist aesthetic. Ralph Humphreys 1954 Untitled oil on canvas appealed to minimalist interest in the basic abstract forms. Stellas early work was extremely influential to the Minimalist generation because of his material surfaces and clarification of process which all signaled development t. Donald Judd erceived Stellas works as the last painting that could be made because the Black and Aluminum series rendered illusion and handmadeness pass © . This comment and ideas similar to these lead to the prominence of three dimensional fgures and works that included industrial pieces. Dan Flavins 1959 painting relief Apollinaire Wounded incorporated found objects, which included crushed cans, executed in thick paint applied to masonite . This work seems to be a step into the three dimensional direction. Flavin, Le Witt and Truitt are some Minimalist that bring the hree dimensional structure to prominence in the early to mid 1960s with pieces like Anne Truitts 1962 Southern Elergy and, Sol Le Witts 1962 Wall Structure. In Judds 1965 Specific Objects he describes a new class of artwork that is much different than the traditional painting or sculpture, simply because it resides in the real space, the spectators space. The piece that lives in real space gets rid of the problem of illusion. Judd deems real space more powerful than pictorial space thus implying that three-dimensional works employ a more powertul medium. Do Judd was an influential artist during the Minimalism period. He came to prominence because of his writing style that brought clarity to a new movement that proved difficult to critique in its beginning stages. His ideas proved to be revolutionary and helped Minimalism to progress to what its known as today. In the beginning of this paper I set out to find if Judds Specific Objects essay did in fact change the favor of Minimalist from painting to three-dimensional structure. In my opinion I would say yes, Judds powerful voice did influence the Minimalist community to favor rogression in this movement. I wouldnt say that at the release of the essay, Minimalist every where dropped their paint brushes and started building outward, but Judd understood the natural progression of Minimalism. There are quite a few pieces that has exhibit this change toward the three dimensional as early as 1962, before Specific Objects came to prominence, Judd Just happened to have his finger on the pulse of the next phase of Minimalism.